Robert Rauschenberg

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Robert Rauschenberg is a renowned American artist, whose contributions to art have led to development of the culture of pop art that became exceedingly popular in the 1960s. Rauschenberg is best known for his trademark and iconic style that involved unconventional techniques, untraditional methods and the portrayal of typical, everyday objects.

Robert Rauschenburg was born on October 22, 1925, in Port Arthur, Texas. He attended the University of Texas to purse his education in pharmacology. However, he was soon drafted to the U.S Navy, where he was appointed the neuropsychiatric technician at the U.S. Navy Hospital Corps, in San Diego.

In 1947, Robert enrolled himself at the Kansas City Art Institute and later, he travelled to Paris to attend the Academie Julian. He returned to the US in 1948, and continued his artistic education at the Black Mountain College, Asheville, North Carolina, under the guidance of notable teacher Joseph Albers. He studied at the College till 1952, and during this period came across several influential and renowned personalities, for instance, John Cage and Merce Cunningham. These encounters not only inspired his art and aesthetics, but also paved way for several career opportunities and artistic collaborations.

Soon after, Robert began his career in New York City as a costume and stage designer and he made several career advancements. It was during this time that he was offered his first solo exhibition that took place at the Betty Parsons Gallery, and included some of his iconic and unique blueprints, black paintings, and white monochromatic canvases.

In 1952, Robert decided to travel to Europe with his friend and collaborator from the Arts Students League, later, they also travelled to North Africa. During these extensive travels, Robert produced a series of small collages, small boxes full of found elements and hanging assemblages. All these were showcased in Florence and later, in Rome.

In 1953, Robert returned to New York, and began working on his sculptures. He began to create magnificent sculptures from a wide range of unconventional material such as wood, stones and any other material found on the street. He even began exploring a wide range of unconventional material, for instance, he began making paintings with tissue paper, newspapers, fabric, dirt, and even a gold leaf.

Examples include ‘Automobile Tire Print’, ‘Erased de Kooning Drawing’, ‘Red Painting Series’ and many more.

Robert Rauschenberg garnered immense fame and critical acclaim for his unique style and his natural and uninhibited form of expressing his artistic vision with unconventional and nontraditional mediums of art has inspired countless of modern artists all over the globe.

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