Joan Miró

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Joan Miró

Joan Miró was a renowned Catalan painter who was famous for his enigmatic, surreal and dream-like lithographs, murals, tapestries, and sculptures that have adorned and embellished public spaces all over the globe. Miró had profound influence on the Surrealist movement with his unmatched talent for abstract art.

Joan Miró i Ferrà was born on April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain. He attended a business school in Barcelona from the age of 14, while also attending La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes. After three years, upon completion of his art degree he accepted the job of a clerk. Shortly after, Joan suffered from a nervous breakdown, following that he left the business school and concentrated all his efforts and resources on furthering his artistic education and training. In 1912, he enrolled himself at Francesc Gali’s Escola d’Art, in Barcelona, and studied there for the next three years.

Miró’s professional career was launched by the help and encouragement of notable dealer Jose Dalmau. In 1918, Dalmau showcased Miró’s first solo exhibition at his gallery in Barcelona. In 1920, Miró travelled to Paris and came across Pablo Picasso, who had a profound influence on his work. He began frequenting the Parisian circles of influential poets such as Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy, and Tristan Tzara, and hence, he began spending much of his time traveling between Paris and Montroig, Spain. He also became an active participant in Dada movement, and in 1921, Jose Dalmau assisted Miró in organizing his first solo show in Paris, at the Galerie la Licorne.

In 1923, Joan presented his works at the Salon d’Automne, and the following year, he became an active member of the Surrealist group. In 1925, he organized a solo show at the Galerie Pierre in Paris, the show turned out to be a huge commercial and critical success, and was applauded as a major Surrealist event. The same year, Miró was a major contributor at the first Surrealist exhibition that was also showcased at the Galerie Pierre.

In 1928, Joan travelled to the Netherlands, where he began studying the works of Dutch masters that had a great influence on many of his paintings made during that period. The same year, he produced his first pasted papers and collages. The following year, Joan began his fascinating experiments in lithography and etchings. In the 1930s, Miró dedicated his time to produce iconic sculptures with painted stones and found objects, these sculptures are known to be one of the most prominent demonstrations of Surrealist art. In 1936, Miró participated in the exhibitions of Cubism, Abstract art, and Surrealism at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. In 1937, Miró was commissioned to create a monumental project to be exhibited at the Paris World Fair.

In 1944, Miró collaborated with Joseph Llorens y Artigas and begun working with ceramics, he also experimented with prints and soon, these both became the basis of his work from 1954 to 1958. In 1954, Miró received the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the Venice Biennale, and later in 1958, he was presented the Guggenheim International Award for the murals for the UNESCO building in Paris.

Joan Miró passed away on December 25, 1983, in Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

 

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